Leadership

Naming conventions

Bicycle naming conventions

The activity leader naming convention enables this activity standard to be related to Part I – Core Standard requirements.

“Support staff” and in particular circumstances “Guide” is equivalent to Assistant leader in Part I – Core standard.

‘’Instructor” and in particular circumstances “Guide” is equivalent to Leader in Part I – Core standard.

The use of activity leader(s) refers to either a ‘’instructor” or ‘’guide” or ‘’support staff”.

Naming conventions summary
Leader = Instructor (as appropriate) Guide (as appropriate)
Assistant leader = Guide (as appropriate) Support staff
Activity Leader = Instructor Guide Support staff

 

A Mountain Bike “guide” may refer to either a leader or assistant leader depending on the context. It is important to clarify specific roles and competencies required to avoid the possibility of a “guide” leading a group when an the leader should have “instructor” competencies.

All activity leader competencies needed for a particular role shall be clearly defined.

 

Competencies

This section outlines the competencies that activity leaders should have.

Competencies overview

The Australian AAS refers to units from the Sport, Fitness and Recreation Training Package for descriptive statements of the knowledge and skills required of activity leaders.

The Training Package units are used for the sole purpose of providing descriptions for the knowledge and skills required. It is not intended to imply or require that specific formal training, assessment or qualification is the only means of gaining or recognising knowledge and skills.

Providers can recognise activity leaders as having the ‘ability to apply knowledge and skills to achieve expected results’ (i.e. competencies) in a number of different ways as detailed in Part I – Core Standard Recognition of competence.

The Training Package units listed can be found by searching for the units on the training.gov.au/Home/Tga website. The code provided with the unit name assists in this search.

 

Bicycle competencies

Also refer to competencies section in Part I – Core Standard.

Cycle touring competencies

All activity leaders shall have the appropriate competencies for the context of the activity, as listed in the various units of training (or the unit’s equivalent), listed in the following table.

Situation Cycle touring (Assistant Leader)   Cycle touring (Leader)  
  Unit Code Unit Code
Guide a cycling tour All core standard (Part I) units plus All core standard (Part I) units plus
Operate communications systems and equipment PUAOPE002B Operate communications systems and equipment PUAOPE002B
Plan for minimal environmental impact SISOOPS304A
Use and maintain a temporary or overnight site SISOOPS202A
Select, set up and maintain a bike SISOCYT201A Select, set up and maintain a bike SISOCYT201A
Demonstrate basic cycling skills SISOCYT202A Demonstrate basic cycling skills SISOCYT202A
Apply on-road cycling skills SISOCYT303A Apply on-road cycling skills SISOCYT303A
Guide on-road cycle tours SISOCYT304A
Plan and navigate routes TLIH3002A
Guide overnight or extended tours All above units plus All above units plus
Apply overnight cycle touring skills SISOCYT405A Apply overnight cycle touring skills SISOCYT405A
Guide overnight and extended cycle tours SISOCYT406A
Implement and monitor occupational health and safety policies SISXOHS402A
Instruct cycle touring All above units plus
Instruct cycle touring skills SISOCYT407A
Coordinate emergency responses SISXEMR402A
Implement and monitor occupational health and safety policies SISXOHS402A

 

Mountain Biking competencies

All activity leaders shall have the appropriate competencies for the context of the activity, as listed in the units of training (or a units equivalent), listed in the following table.

Trail Rating Mt Bike (Assistant Leader)   Mt Bike (Leader)
Unit Code Unit Code
Common units All core standard (Part I) units plus All core standard (Part I) units plus
Operate communications systems and equipment PUAOPE002B Operate communications systems and equipment PUAOPE002B
Plan for minimal environmental impact SISOOPS304A
Use and maintain a temporary or overnight site SISOOPS202A
Very easy All above units plus All above units plus
Select, set up and maintain a bike SISOCYT201A Select, set up and maintain a bike SISOCYT201A
Demonstrate basic cycling skills SISOCYT202A Demonstrate basic cycling skills SISOCYT202A
Guide off-road cycling tours SISOMBK303A
Easy All above units plus All above units plus
Demonstrate basic off-road cycling skills SISOMBK201A Demonstrate basic off-road cycling skills SISOMBK201A
Intermediate All above units plus All above units plus
Apply advanced off-road cycling skills SISOMBK302A Apply advanced off-road cycling skills SISOMBK302A
Apply navigation skills in an intermediate environment SISONAV302A
Coordinate emergency responses SISXEMR402A
Implement and monitor occupational health and safety policies SISXOHS402A
Difficult All above units plus All above units plus
Apply navigation skills in an intermediate environment SISONAV302A
Coordinate emergency responses SISXEMR402A
Instruct off-road cycling skills SISOMBK404A
Extreme All above units plus All above units plus
As above As above
Involving Overnight activities As per above requirements for the trail grade plus As per above requirements for the trail grade plus
Apply overnight cycle touring skills SISOCYT405A Apply overnight cycle touring skills SISOCYT405A
Guide overnight and extended cycle tours SISOCYT406A

 

Recognition of competence

Bicycle recognition pathways

Refer to considerations for recognition pathways outlined in Part I – Core standard.

 

Group size

Bicycle group size

Also, refer to considerations for determining group size in Part I – Core standard.

Cycle Touring

The recommended maximum group size that should be used is provided in the table below.

    Day Overnight
  Notes Minors Adults Minors Adults
Cycle touring Includes activity leaders 25 25 20 20

 

Mountain Biking

The recommended maximum group size that should be used is provided in the table below.

    Day Overnight
Trail Rating Notes Minors Adults Minors Adults
Very easy Includes activity leaders 25 25 20 20
Easy Includes activity leaders 25 25 20 20
Intermediate Includes activity leaders 25 25 20 20
Difficult Includes activity leaders 20 20 20 20
Very difficult Includes activity leaders 12 12 12 12

 

Activity leader to participant ratios

Bicycle recommended supervision ratios

Also, refer to considerations for determining supervision requirements in Part I – Core Standard.

 

Cycle Touring

The recommended maximum group size that should be used is provided in the table below.

    Day Overnight
  Activity leader requirements Minors Adults Minors Adults
Cycle touring
  1 leader (minimum) 1-15 1-10
  1 leader and 1 responsible person 1-12 1-12
  1 leader and 2 responsible persons 13-18
  1 leader and 1 assistant leader 15-23 11-18
  1 leader, 1 assistant leader and 1 responsible person 19-22 13-17
  Maximum group size (also refer land owner/manager requirements) 25 25 20 20

 

There shall be a minimum of one leader and one responsible person for activities involving minors.

The number of participants supervised by one person shall not exceed a ratio of 7.7 participants who are minors or 15 participants that are adults.

 

Mountain Biking

The recommended supervision requirements that should be used is provided in the table below.

    Day Overnight
Trail Rating Activity leader requirements Minors Adults Minors Adults
Very easy
  1 leader (minimum) 1-15 1-10
  1 leader and 1 responsible person 1-12 1-12
  1 leader and 2 responsible persons 13-18
  1 leader and 1 assistant leader 15-23 11-18
1 leader, 1 assistant leader and 1 responsible person 19-22 13-17
Maximum group size (also refer land owner/manager requirements) 25 25 20 20
Easy
1 leader (minimum) 1-15 1-10
1 leader and 1 responsible person 1-12 1-12
1 leader and 2 responsible persons 13-18
1 leader and 1 assistant leader 15-23 11-18
1 leader, 1 assistant leader and 1 responsible person 19-22 13-17
Maximum group size (also refer land owner/manager requirements) 25 25 20 20
Intermediate
1 leader (minimum adults) 1-10 1-10
1 leader and 1 assistant leader (minimum minors) 1-12 11-23 1-12 11-18
1 leader, 1 assistant leader and 1 responsible person 13-22 13-17
Maximum group size (also refer land owner/manager requirements) 25 25 20 20
Difficult
1 leader and 1 assistant leader (minimum) 1-12 1-18 1-12 1-18
1 leader, 1 assistant leader and 1 responsible person 13-17 13-17
Maximum group size (also refer land owner/manager requirements) 20 20 20 20
Very difficult
1 leader and 1 assistant leader (minimum) 1-10 1-10 1-10 1-10
Maximum group size (also refer land owner/manager requirements) 12 12 12 12

 

There shall be a minimum of two activity leaders for difficult and very difficult trails.

There shall be a minimum of one leader and one responsible person for activities involving minors.

The number of participants supervised by one person shall not exceed 7.7 participants who are minors or 15 participants that are adults.

 

Supervision and management during the activity

Bicycle supervision and management

Road legislation or regulation shall be complied with.

The leader of the activity should be familiar with the activity location and/or trail network.

Appropriate risk management procedures shall be implemented when using vehicle tracks or roads.

Participants should be able to easily identify activity leaders (e.g. by having different clothing or helmet colour or design).

Procedures shall be used to reduce the potential of participants becoming separated or lost.

 

Activity briefing

Also refer activity briefing section Part I – Core Standard.

Bicycle activity briefing

Instruction on the use of the bicycle and the activity should include but is not limited to:

  • appropriate fitting of helmet including the usage of headwear under the helmet and appropriate method(s) to controlled or style hair]
  • the use of the brakes, gears and any other adjustable components of the bicycle
  • correct adjustment of the seat and/or handlebars to maintain a safe and comfortable riding posture
  • appropriate emergency braking technique
  • safe and appropriate riding techniques appropriate to the expected terrain, current and anticipated conditions to enable the rider to stay in control
  • the need to secure loose clothing
  • the appropriate distance required between riders
  • how the group will avoid becoming separated
  • what to do if they become separated from the group or lost
  • appropriate interaction with other users
  • managing their own health and wellbeing during the activity
  • legal requirements when riding on roads
  • procedures for interaction with vehicles if activity has any elements on roads

 

 

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