Equipment and logistics
Bicycle equipment requirements
Procedures shall be in place to ensure appropriate clothing for the expected and foreseeable weather conditions is available.
Procedures shall be in place to ensure appropriate footwear for the expected and foreseeable terrain is available.
An Australian Standard AS/ANZ 2063 – 2008 compliant bicycle helmet shall be used.
Bicycles shall be designed for the type of activity and terrain they will be used for. (For example, some manufacturer specifications state that the bike is not designed for use for jumps or off-road riding.)
Bicycles shall be fitted with tyres appropriate to the type of terrain.
Bicycles for use for Mountain Biking shall be:
- fitted with appropriately maintained front and rear brakes
- fitted with gears
- fitted with ‘mountain bike’/’straight bar’ handle bars
Any bicycle used on roads shall comply with the laws, regulations or requirements for the relevant jurisdiction(s).
Any power assisted e-bike used shall have specifications that classify it as a bicycle for vehicle licencing or registration requirements in the jurisdiction it is used.
Legal requirements for a bicycle used on roads may include but not limited to:
- having one effective working brake
- having a working warning device (g. bell, horn)
- having a red reflector that can be clearly seen from behind the bicycle when a vehicle’s headlights shine on it
- a white light (flashing or steady), that can be clearly seen from the front of the bicycle at night or in poor visibility weather conditions
- a red light (flashing or steady) that can be clearly seen at back of the bicycle at night or in poor visibility weather conditions
- any loads are attach in a way that does not make the bicycle unstable and it is unlikely to fall from the bicycle.
Additional personal protective equipment that should be considered includes:
- elbow pads
- knee pads
- wrist guards
- eye protection
Additional safety equipment that should be considered includes:
- high visibility vests or clothing
- front and rear lights for night or in poor visibility weather conditions
Procedures shall be in place to ensure a personal drink supply is available.
An appropriate repair kit shall be carried to ensure that bicycles can be maintained in a safe condition.
Example equipment lists can be found in appendix B
Bicycle use of equipment
A pre-activity safety inspection shall be completed.
The safety inspection shall include but is not limited to:
- that brakes work effectively
- that tyres are at appropriate pressure
- that bicycle helmets are correctly fitted unless an appropriate exception for wearing a helmet is applicable
- that where required that lights work effectively
Participants shall be instructed on the use of the bicycle. (Refer leadership section below for further details)
High visibility vests or clothing should be used when riding on public roads.
Fitting of helmets shall consider the safety implications of:
- any head wear worn under the helmet
- the impact of hair and the method hair is controlled or styled.
Bicycle maintenance of equipment
Regular servicing of all bicycles shall be completed by an appropriately competent person.
Checks for bicycle serviceability should include:
- Brake levers are within reach of two fingers
- Brake levers when pulled, actuate braking is smooth and unrestricted and at roughly half the full range of the brake lever.
- Wear indicators on brake pads are clearly visible
- Wheels are straight, true and with no loose or damaged spokes
- Tyres are not worn and are at the appropriate pressure
- All bearing surfaces and fittings are appropriately adjusted
- Headsets and handlebars are suitably tightened to prevent movement
- Handlebar grips and plugs are fitted and secured
- Wheels are firmly attached
- Pedals are intact
- Saddles are attached and secure
- Appropriate parts lubricated
- Lights work effectively where appropriate
- Power assisted e-bikes:
- electrical systems are maintained as per manufactures instructions
- battery has sufficient charge to cover the expected distance of the activity
Bicycle support vehicles
The use of a support vehicle to aid and assist a group during the activity may be useful or necessary and the hazards and risks associated with vehicle operations needs to be managed.
Where a support vehicle is required to operate in terrain that the Four Wheel Driving Activity Standard would apply, then the Four Wheel Driving Activity Standard shall be adhered to.
It is foreseeable that a dependent participant will ride in the support vehicle and compliance to the Four Wheel Driving Activity Standard will ensure that support vehicle operators are suitably competent.
Support vehicles shall comply with the laws, regulations or requirements for the relevant jurisdiction(s).
Support vehicles should have:
- appropriate signage to indicate that the vehicle is constantly stopping
- a flashing amber or yellow warning beacon light on the roof to alert other road or track users when there is an obstruction to the free flow of traffic.
Operators of support vehicles:
- shall hold a current and appropriate licence to operate the vehicle
- shall be competent to operate the vehicle in the foreseeable conditions (e.g. meet the requirements of the Four Wheel Driving Activity Standard where it applies)
- should wear high visibility reflective clothing [or vests] when outside of the vehicle on or near roads
- should consider other vehicles by allow them to pass whenever possible and it is safe to do so